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ALPHABETICAL INDEX
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
LINKS TO THE VIRTUAL HUMAN BODY
facial artery
Branch of the external carotid artery, especially irrigating part of the face, palate and tonsils.

facial nerve
Mixed cranial nerve controlling facial movements and involved in taste sensations.

facial vein
Extension of the angular vein, running along the bottom of the face and emptying into the internal jugular vein.

falciform ligament
Fold of the peritonium, separating the right and left lobes of the liver.

false ribs
Ribs (3 pairs) sharing the same costal cartilage, located under the true ribs.

female external genital organs
Sex organs specific to women, located on the exterior of the body and ensuring reproduction; together they form the vulva.

femoral artery
Main artery of the thigh, running along the inner side of the femur; it extends the external iliac artery.

femoral nerve
Nerve arising from the lombar plexus, especially innervating the flexor muscles of the thigh and the extensor muscles of the leg.

femoral vein
Extension of the popliteal vein, draining the deep regions of the thigh; as it enters the abdomen, it becomes the external iliac vein.

femur
Long paired bone forming the skeleton of the thigh between the hip and knee joints; it is the longest and largest bone in the human body.

fibrous capsule
Thin fibrous membrane enveloping the kidney.

fibrous sheaths of fingers
Membranes covering the proximal and medial phalanges of the fingers.

fibrous sheaths of toes
Membranes covering the phalanges of the toes on their plantar side.

fibula
Paired bone, long and slender, parallel to the tibia with which it forms the skeleton of the leg.

fibular artery
Branch of the posterior tibial artery, irrigating outside the calf muscles and ankle region.

fibular collateral ligament
Ligament extending from the femur to the ulna, on the lateral side of the knee, assisting in stabilizing the joint.

fibular veins
Veins running through the ankle and part of the outside of the leg to the posterior tibial veins.

fifth cervical vertebra
Vertebra located between the fourth and sixth cervical vertebrae.

fifth lumbar vertebra
Last lombar vertebra, located between the fourth lombar vertebra and the first sacral vertebra.

fifth metacarpal
Bone of the metacarpus, articulating with the hamate bone and the proximal phalange of the little finger.

fifth metatarsal
Bone of the metatarsus, articulating with the cuboid bone and proximal phalanx of the little toe.

fifth rib
Fifth true rib.

fifth sacral vertebra
Last sacral vertebra, located between the fourth sacral vertebra and the coccyx.

fifth thoracic vertebra
Vertebra located between the fourth and sixth thoracic vertebrae.

fimbriae of uterine tube
Extensions of the uterine tube, undulating and sweeping the ovary at the moment of ovulation to create a current that carries the ovum toward the tube.

fingers
Extensions of the hand, made up of various articulated bones (phalanges), whose terminal end is covered with a nail.

first lumbar vertebra
Vertebra located between the twelfth thoracic vertebra and the second lombar vertebra.

first metacarpal
Bones of the metacarpus, articulating with the trapezium bone and the proximal phalange of the thumb.

first metatarsal
Bone of the metatarsus, articulating with the medial cuneiform bone and proximal phalanx of the big toe. It is the largest of the metatarsals.

first rib
First true rib, forming the upper extremity of the thoracic cage; it is the smallest rib, and also the widest.

first sacral vertebra
Vertebra fused to the sacrum, located between the fifth lombar vertebra and the second sacral vertebra.

first thoracic vertebra
Vertebra located between the vertebra prominens (seventh cervical vertebra) and the second thoracic vertebra.

flexor retinaculum of foot
Ligament connecting the medial malleolus to the calcaneus, anchoring the tendons of the posterior tibial muscles and long flexor muscles of the toes and big toe.

flexor retinaculum of hand
Ligament of the posterior side of the carpus beneath which various muscles of the hand run.

floating ribs
Ribs (2 pairs) whose anterior extremity is not attached to the sternum, forming the lower part of the thoracic cage.

flocculus
Small lobe of the anterior side, beneath the cerebellum.

foot
Terminal part of the lower limb, resting on the ground during upright stance.

foramen cecum of frontal bone
Depression of the frontal bone, allowing the passage of various veins.

foramen lacerum
Aperture at the base of the skull, allowing the passage of the internal carotid artery and various nerves.

foramen magnum
Aperture of the occipital bone through which the medulla oblongata passes.

foramen ovale
Canal of the sphenoid bone, allowing the passage of the mandibular nerve.

foramen spinosum
Canal of the sphenoid bone, allowing the passage of the middle meningeal artery.

forearm
Part of the upper limb between the elbow and wrist.

forehead
Upper part of the face between the eyebrows, hairline and temples.

fourth cervical vertebra
Vertebra located between the third and fifth cervical vertebrae.

fourth lumbar vertebra
Vertebra located between the third and fifth lombar vertebrae.

fourth metacarpal
Bone of the metacarpus, articulating with the hamate bone and the proximal phalange of the ring finger.

fourth metatarsal
Bone of the metatarsus, articulating with the cuboid bone and proximal phalanx of the fourth toe.

fourth rib
Fourth true rib.

fourth sacral vertebra
Vertebra fused to the sacrum, located between the third and fifth sacral vertebrae.

fourth thoracic vertebra
Vertebra located between the third and fifth thoracic vertebrae.

fourth ventricle
Cavity located between the cerebellum and brain stem, assisting in the production of cerebrospinal fluid.

frontal bone
Unpaired bone of the skull, forming the forehead and roof of the orbits.

frontal branch of superficial temporal artery
Terminal branch of the superficial temporal artery, irrigating the region of the forehead.

frontal lobe
Lobe located in the anterior part of the cerebral hemispheres, behind the forehead, and responsible for reasoning, planning, voluntary movements, emotions and spoken language.

frontal muscle
Large muscle covering the forehead, allowing the skin to crease.

frontal pole
Prominent rounded part at the anterior extremity of each cerebral hemisphere.

fundus of stomach
Upper part of the stomach.

fundus of uterus
Rounded upper extremity of the uterus, above the orifices of the uterine tubes.