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Earth coordinate system click to hear : Earth coordinate system

The intersection of two imaginary lines, longitude and latitude, makes it possible to locate a precise point on the Earth’s surface.
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Arctic Circle Tropic of Cancer Equator Tropic of Capricorn South Pole Southern hemisphere Northern hemisphere North Pole Antarctic Circle

Arctic Circle click to hear : Arctic Circle

Parallel of latitude 66°34' N; it marks the polar zone, where days and nights last 24 hours during solstices.

Tropic of Cancer click to hear : Tropic of Cancer

Parallel located at 23°26' N latitude (a distance of about 2,600 km from the Equator).

Equator click to hear : Equator

Imaginary line encircling the Earth at its greatest circumference and perpendicular to the polar axis; its latitude, 0, serves as a reference point for calculating other latitudes.

Tropic of Capricorn click to hear : Tropic of Capricorn

Parallel located at 23°26' N latitude (a distance of about 2,600 km from the Equator).

South Pole click to hear : South Pole

Point on the Earth’s surface at the southern extremity of the axis of rotation, where the meridians converge.

Southern hemisphere click to hear : Southern hemisphere

Southern half of the globe in relation to the Equator.

Northern hemisphere click to hear : Northern hemisphere

Northern half of the globe in relation to the Equator.

North Pole click to hear : North Pole

Point on the Earth’s surface at the northern extremity of the axis of rotation, where the meridians converge.

Antarctic Circle click to hear : Antarctic Circle

Parallel of latitude at 66°34' S that marks the polar zone, where days and nights last 24 hours during solstices.