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central nervous system click to hear : central nervous system

Part of the nervous system connected to the peripheral nervous system formed by the encephalon and the spinal cord; it controls and deciphers nerve information.
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optic chiasm pituitary gland medulla oblongata pons Varolii cerebellum pineal body body of fornix cerebrum septum pellucidum corpus callosum

optic chiasm click to hear : optic chiasm

Structure formed by the juncture of the optic nerves of the right and left eyes, whose fibers partially interconnect.

pituitary gland click to hear : pituitary gland

Gland secreting a dozen hormones assisting especially in growth, lactation, blood pressure and urine retention.

medulla oblongata click to hear : medulla oblongata

Part of the brain stem that is a continuation of the spinal cord; it mainly controls breathing, blood circulation and cardiac rhythm.

pons Varolii click to hear : pons Varolii

Part of the cerebral trunk made up of nerve fibers; it serves as a bridge between the brain, the cerebellum and the spinal bulb, and aids breathing.

cerebellum click to hear : cerebellum

Part of the encephalon that mainly controls motor coordination, equilibrium, muscle tone and posture.

pineal body click to hear : pineal body

Gland secreting a hormone (melatonin) that mainly influences the biological rhythms.

body of fornix click to hear : body of fornix

Plate of a white substance formed by a bundle of nerve fibers and located below the corpus callosum; it connects the hippocampus to the hypothalamus.

cerebrum click to hear : cerebrum

Large part of the encephalon formed of two hemispheres; it contains the control center of the higher nerve functions (motor activities, language and others).

septum pellucidum click to hear : septum pellucidum

Thin double membrane separating the anterior part of the two cerebral hemispheres and extending from the corpus callosum to the body of fornix.

corpus callosum click to hear : corpus callosum

Thin plate of a white substance formed by a bundle of nerve fibers that connect the two cerebral hemispheres.