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Its huge mass resists the thrust of the water to prevent it from overturning or sliding; this type of dam is usually used to hold back large volumes of water.
cross section of a gravity dam
Watertight structure that extends the foundations of the dam into the ground; it limits leakage and infiltration under the dam.
Basin formed by the construction of a dam; it holds back a very large volume of water so that the flow rate can be controlled.
Area of the watercourse where water is discharged after passing through the turbines.
Usually sloping dam face on the afterbay side.
Dam face on the reservoir side.
top of dam
Upper part of the dam that usually contains a roadway.