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heart click to hear : heart

Muscular organ divided into four chambers; its regular rhythmic contractions cause blood to circulate throughout the organism.
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endocardium myocardium inferior vena cava arch of aorta superior vena cava right pulmonary vein tricuspid valve aorta right ventricle papillary muscle interventricular septum left ventricle mitral valve aortic valve left pulmonary vein left atrium pulmonary valve pulmonary trunk right atrium deoxygenated blood oxygenated blood

endocardium click to hear : endocardium

Smooth thin inner casing of the heart attached to the myocardium.

myocardium click to hear : myocardium

Thick muscular casing around the heart; its contraction is involuntary and depends on the autonomous nervous system.

inferior vena cava click to hear : inferior vena cava

Vein carrying blood deoxygenated in the lower portion of the body (below the diaphragm) to the right atrium; it is the largest vein in the organism.

arch of aorta click to hear : arch of aorta

Second segment of the aorta, which branches into the arteries flowing to the head and upper limbs; with the ascending aorta, it forms the arch of the aorta.

superior vena cava click to hear : superior vena cava

Vein carrying deoxygenated blood from the upper body (above the diaphragm) back to the right atrium.

right pulmonary vein click to hear : right pulmonary vein

Each of two veins returning blood oxygenated in the right lung to the left atrium of the heart.

tricuspid valve click to hear : tricuspid valve

Membranous fold made up of three walls; it carries blood from the right atrium to the right ventricle and prevents its reflux.

aorta click to hear : aorta

Main artery of the body that originates in the left ventricle of the heart and is made up of four segments; it distributes oxygenated blood throughout the body.

right ventricle click to hear : right ventricle

Thin-walled heart cavity receiving deoxygenated blood from the right atrium; it then forces it into the pulmonary artery leading to the lungs.

papillary muscle click to hear : papillary muscle

Internal ventricular muscle restraining the mitral or tricuspid valve and preventing it from being pushed back into the atrium during contraction of the ventricle.

interventricular septum click to hear : interventricular septum

Mostly muscular partition separating the right and left ventricles of the heart.

left ventricle click to hear : left ventricle

Thick-walled heart cavity receiving oxygenated blood from the left atrium; it then forces it into the aorta to circulate throughout the organism.

mitral valve click to hear : mitral valve

Membranous fold made up of two walls; it carries blood from the left atrium to the left ventricle and prevents its reflux.

aortic valve click to hear : aortic valve

Membranous fold made up of three walls; it carries blood from the left ventricle to the aorta and prevents its reflux.

left pulmonary vein click to hear : left pulmonary vein

Each of two veins returning blood, oxygenated in the left lung, to the left atrium of the heart.

left atrium click to hear : left atrium

Heart cavity receiving oxygenated blood from the lungs via four pulmonary veins; it then forces it into the left ventricle.

pulmonary valve click to hear : pulmonary valve

Membranous fold made up of three walls; it carries blood from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery and prevents its reflux.

pulmonary trunk click to hear : pulmonary trunk

Artery carrying blood that is poor in oxygen and rich in carbon dioxide to the lungs; this is the only artery that transports oxygen-poor blood.

right atrium click to hear : right atrium

Heart cavity receiving deoxygenated blood from the lower and upper venae cavae; it then forces it into the right ventricle.

deoxygenated blood click to hear : deoxygenated blood

Blood whose oxygen is depleted; the veins carry it to the right portion of the heart, after which it is re-oxygenated in the lungs.

oxygenated blood click to hear : oxygenated blood

Blood enriched with oxygen in the lungs; it leaves the left section of the heart and flows through the arteries to distribute oxygen and nutrients to the organism.