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playing field click to hear : playing field

Surface covered with natural or synthetic grass (55 m x 91.4 m) on which a field hockey game is played; a game is made up of two 35-minute periods.
playing field image
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See playing field in : french | spanish
sideline 23 m line goal line coach 5 m line striking circle goal players’ bench referee officials right wing right back right half center forward right inside forward corner flag left back center half left half left wing left inside forward center line goalkeeper

sideline click to hear : sideline

Line marking the sides of the playing field; when the ball crosses this line, the opposing team puts it back into play at the same place.

23 m line click to hear : 23 m line

Line used to position the players when the ball is put back into play; positioning depends on whether the ball went out of play between the 23 m lines or between one of them and the goal line.

goal line click to hear : goal line

Line marking the ends of the playing field; the ball must cross this line for the goal to count as a point.

coach click to hear : coach

The team’s leader; the coach plots strategy and decides who plays in different situations.

5 m line click to hear : 5 m line

Line where the attacker puts the ball back into play if the defenders push it behind their own goal line.

striking circle click to hear : striking circle

Semicircle located in front of the goal; a goal can only be scored when the attacker hits the ball inside the opponent’s striking circle.

goal click to hear : goal

Cage made up of a net mounted on a frame; a goal is scored each time a team hits the ball into the opposing goal from inside the striking circle.

players’ bench click to hear : players’ bench

Area reserved for substitute players and coaches; a team can have up to 16 players but only 11 play at once.

referee click to hear : referee

One of two officials responsible for applying the rules; this individual penalizes players who commit infractions and awards penalty shots.

officials click to hear : officials

Individuals in charge of keeping time, recording player substitutions and filling out the score sheet.

right wing click to hear : right wing

Offensive position to the right of the center forward and near the sideline; this player’s main role is to thwart opponents and score goals.

right back click to hear : right back

Defensive position behind the halfs on the right side of the field; this player attempts to prevent the opponent from creating scoring chances.

right half click to hear : right half

Position to the right of the center half; this player tries to take the ball from the opponent and move it up to the wings or forwards.

center forward click to hear : center forward

Offensive position that covers the center of the field; this player’s main role is to score goals by gaining position inside the opponent’s striking circle.

right inside forward click to hear : right inside forward

Position to the right of the center forward; a true playmaker, this player receives passes from the defenders or halfs and creates offensive chances.

corner flag click to hear : corner flag

Small post with a flag on top; it marks the intersection of the goal line and the sideline.

left back click to hear : left back

Defensive position behind the halfs on the left side of the field; this player’s role is to prevent the opponent from obtaining scoring chances.

center half click to hear : center half

Key position behind the backs in the center of the field; this player receives the ball and passes it in any direction.

left half click to hear : left half

Position to the left of the center half; this player’s main role is to take the ball from the opponent and move it up to the wings or forwards.

left wing click to hear : left wing

Offensive position to the left of the center forward and near the sideline; this player’s main role is to thwart opponents and score goals.

left inside forward click to hear : left inside forward

Position to the left of the center forward; a true playmaker, this player receives passes from defenders or halfs and generates offensive chances.

center line click to hear : center line

Line dividing the field into two zones, one for each team; face-offs are held on this line at the start of a period and after a goal is scored.

goalkeeper click to hear : goalkeeper

Player whose role is to prevent the ball from entering the goal; the goalkeeper may touch the ball with any part of the body but cannot hold it with the hands.