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Elements that the horse and rider must clear during a competition; a penalty is given when the animal upsets one of the movable components of an obstacle.
Obstacle made up of a water-filled ditch with a hedge in front; the horse commits a fault if it touches the water or the lath marking the end of the river.
wall and rails
Obstacle made up of a wall with one or two movable bars on top.
Obstacle shaped like a simple fence and made up of fixed boards laid side by side.
Three-part obstacle composed of movable parallel bars; each successive obstacle increases in height.
Obstacle composed of a set of usually wooden, stacking blocks; the top of the wall is rounded to prevent the horses from being hurt.
Two-part obstacle composed of movable parallel bars; there are two designs, one of identical heights (square oxer) and one of different heights (jumping oxer).
brush and rails
Obstacle composed of a vertical component with a hedge in front.
post and rail
Obstacle composed of a set of movable bars that are laid one on top of another.
post and plank
Obstacle composed of wide movable boards (planks) that are laid one on top of another; planks are less stable than bars.