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structure of a mushroom click to hear : structure of a mushroom

The mushroom is composed of an underground part (mycelium) and an aboveground, often edible part that is also the reproductive organ.
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See structure of a mushroom in : french | spanish
spores stem gill mycelium hypha volva ring cap

spores click to hear : spores

Microscopic seeds acting as reproductive agents; they are usually released into the air and fall on a substrate to produce a new mushroom.

stem click to hear : stem

Axis supporting the mushroom’s cap.

gill click to hear : gill

Fertile spore-producing part of the mushroom, located under the cap.

mycelium click to hear : mycelium

Tangle of hyphae created through spore germination, from which the aboveground part of the mushroom develops.

hypha click to hear : hypha

Microscopic filament, often white, that draws water and the organic matter necessary for mushroom development.

volva click to hear : volva

Remnant of a membrane that completely covered the immature mushroom and ruptured as the stem grew.

ring click to hear : ring

Membrane located under the cap and circling the stem; remnant of a membrane that covered the gills of the immature mushroom and ruptured as the cap grew.

cap click to hear : cap

Differently shaped and colored upper part of the mushroom that protects the gills; it usually resembles a headdress, hence its name.