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morphology of a turtle click to hear : morphology of a turtle

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See morphology of a turtle in : french | spanish
plastron carapace leg claw scale horny beak eye eyelid neck costal shield vertebral shield marginal shield tail pygal shield

plastron click to hear : plastron

Relatively flat bony casing protecting the belly and cut away on the sides to allow the legs to move.

carapace click to hear : carapace

Bony casing in the shape of a rounded hump; it protects the back and connects to the plastron.

leg click to hear : leg

Short thick articulated limb bearing claws and used for walking or swimming, depending on the species.

claw click to hear : claw

Slightly curved, rigid pointy structure; the forelegs have five while the hind legs have four.

scale click to hear : scale

Each of the small hard thin overlapping plates covering the body of the turtle.

horny beak click to hear : horny beak

Thick cutaneous formation covering toothless jaws; its sharp edges allow the turtle to feed.

eye click to hear : eye

Organ of sight located on the head and having poor vision; it can make out motion and colors.

eyelid click to hear : eyelid

Each of the three movable muscular membranes protecting the anterior surface of the eye.

neck click to hear : neck

Long flexible portion of the body covered in small scales; the turtle folds it back to retract its head into the carapace.

costal shield click to hear : costal shield

Large corneous scales set in a row on each side of the back shell.

vertebral shield click to hear : vertebral shield

Large corneous scales set in a row on the middle portion of the back shell.

marginal shield click to hear : marginal shield

Small corneous scales set in a row around the back shell.

tail click to hear : tail

Small terminal appendage of the body that retracts into the carapace.

pygal shield click to hear : pygal shield

Very small corneous scale located on the posterior portion of the back shell, above the tail.