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Roman house click to hear : Roman house

For wealthy Romans, family life unfolded in spacious luxurious houses whose rooms were arranged around open-air spaces.
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See Roman house in : french | spanish
bed chamber mosaic latrines kitchen dining room garden peristyle shop impluvium atrium vestibule tile fresco compluvium tablinum timber

bed chamber click to hear : bed chamber

Sleeping chamber whose only piece of furniture usually consisted of a bed made of wood or masonry.

mosaic click to hear : mosaic

Collection of small fragments (e.g., stone, marble, terra-cotta) held together by mortar; it depicts a motif, and sometimes even very elaborate scenes.

latrines click to hear : latrines

Small comfortable room featuring a stone or marble bench with a crescent-shaped opening, connected to a waste channel with running water.

kitchen click to hear : kitchen

Room where meals were prepared.

dining room click to hear : dining room

Dining area containing three beds arranged in a U shape that Romans would stretch out on while eating.

garden click to hear : garden

Plot of land used to grow vegetables and decorated with flowers, shrubs, fountains and so forth.

peristyle click to hear : peristyle

Colonnade surrounding the inner court.

shop click to hear : shop

On the street side, the Roman house often included commercial spaces that were rented out to artisans and tradesmen.

impluvium click to hear : impluvium

Basin in the central part of the atrium to receive rainwater.

atrium click to hear : atrium

The main room in the house; its central part was exposed to the open air to collect rainwater and let sunlight in.

vestibule click to hear : vestibule

Entrance to the house that acted as the passage from public life to private life.

tile click to hear : tile

Hard surface, usually made of baked molded clay, used as a covering for roofs.

fresco click to hear : fresco

Large mural painting that decorated the walls of houses during antiquity.

compluvium click to hear : compluvium

Aperture built into the atrium roof to let rainwater pour into the impluvium.

tablinum click to hear : tablinum

Hall separating the peristyle from the atrium.

timber click to hear : timber

Framework of beams that supports the roof of the building and provides stability.