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anatomy of a perch click to hear : anatomy of a perch

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muscle segment skull urogenital aperture air bladder vertebral column spinal cord neural spine kidney intestine stomach pyloric cecum esophagus heart ventral aorta gills tongue olfactory bulb olfactory nerve brain otolith urinary bladder liver spleen anus eggs first dorsal fin second dorsal fin

muscle segment click to hear : muscle segment

Muscular segment of the posterior portion of the body; its zigzag arrangement contributes to efficient motion.

skull click to hear : skull

Bony structure enclosing and protecting the brain.

urogenital aperture click to hear : urogenital aperture

Opening common to the genital and urinary tracts allowing the evacuation of gametes and urine.

air bladder click to hear : air bladder

Flexible air-filled sac located above the viscera; it allows the fish to remain buoyant at a specific depth.

vertebral column click to hear : vertebral column

Movable bony axis made up of various parts articulating with each other (vertebrae); it supports the skeleton and contains the spinal cord.

spinal cord click to hear : spinal cord

Component of the nervous system made up of a soft fatty substance and forming a cylindrical stem inside the vertebral column.

neural spine click to hear : neural spine

Bony stem of the nervous system connected to the vertebral column and forming the skeleton.

kidney click to hear : kidney

Organ that eliminates metabolic waste and maintains the pressure of internal fluids.

intestine click to hear : intestine

Section of the digestive tract between the stomach and the anus where absorption of nutrients is carried out and waste is transformed into fecal matter.

stomach click to hear : stomach

Dilated section of the digestive tract preceding the intestine; it receives food to be digested.

pyloric cecum click to hear : pyloric cecum

Lateral canal of the digestive tract where a part of digestion mainly occurs, as well as fermentation.

esophagus click to hear : esophagus

Canal of the anterior portion of the digestive tract; it carries food to the stomach.

heart click to hear : heart

Muscular organ helping blood to circulate.

ventral aorta click to hear : ventral aorta

Canal circulating the blood from the heart to the gills, then on through the head and the rest of the body.

gills click to hear : gills

Respiratory and excretory organs (four pairs) each formed of two layers of filaments; they enable water to exchange oxygen and ammonium as it circulates over the gills.

tongue click to hear : tongue

Elongated movable mouthpart having a gustatory function; it allows the fish to swallow its food.

olfactory bulb click to hear : olfactory bulb

Enlargement of the anterior terminal end of the olfactory nerve where its roots come together.

olfactory nerve click to hear : olfactory nerve

Cranial cord connecting the brain to the olfactory bulb.

brain click to hear : brain

Main organ of the nervous system that is made up of nerve centers; it is located in the upper portion of the head and is protected by the skull.

otolith click to hear : otolith

Small calcareous structure of the inner ear ensuring the fish’s equilibrium in the water.

urinary bladder click to hear : urinary bladder

Reservoir in which urine from the kidneys collects before being evacuated through the urogenital aperture.

liver click to hear : liver

Viscera that secretes bile, among other substances; bile helps digestion.

spleen click to hear : spleen

Organ of the circulatory system where impurities in the blood are destroyed.

anus click to hear : anus

Terminal orifice of the digestive tract enabling ejection of fecal matter.

eggs click to hear : eggs

In fish, the female produces eggs in the ovaries and the male produces soft roe in the testicles; the eggs and roe are expelled into the water, where fertilization occurs.

first dorsal fin click to hear : first dorsal fin

Swimming appendage formed of a membrane and usually prickly rays located on the middle anterior dorsal portion of the body; it provides stability.

second dorsal fin click to hear : second dorsal fin

Swimming appendage formed of a membrane and rays located on the middle posterior dorsal portion of the body; it provides stability.