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cross section of a space launcher (Ariane V) click to hear : cross section of a space launcher (Ariane V)

In service since 1996, this European launcher transports heavy payloads, including the most powerful communications satellites.
cross section of a space launcher (Ariane V) image
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See cross section of a space launcher (Ariane V) in : french | spanish
rocket engine solid booster stage main cryogenic stage storable propellant upper stage lower section fairing upper section nozzle satellite vehicle equipment bay solid rocket booster dual launch structure payload adaptor payload liquid oxygen tank liquid hydrogen tank

rocket engine click to hear : rocket engine

Ensures launcher propulsion by means of liquid hydrogen combustion in contact with liquid oxygen.

solid booster stage click to hear : solid booster stage

Provides the main thrust during takeoff before separating from the main cryogenic stage.

main cryogenic stage click to hear : main cryogenic stage

Central body that ensures propulsion after the solid booster stage separates.

storable propellant upper stage click to hear : storable propellant upper stage

Upper stage used to propel the payload toward its final orbit.

lower section click to hear : lower section

Composed of the main cryogenic stage and the solid booster stage.

fairing click to hear : fairing

The tip of the launcher that houses and protects the payload.

upper section click to hear : upper section

Composed of the storable propellant upper stage and the payload.

nozzle click to hear : nozzle

The end portion of a rocket from which combustion gases escape, thereby creating the thrust needed to propel the craft.

vehicle equipment bay click to hear : vehicle equipment bay

Houses most of the onboard electronic equipment and flight-control systems.

solid rocket booster click to hear : solid rocket booster

Solid-fuel thruster that provides most of the lift during the first few minutes of flight, after which it separates.

dual launch structure click to hear : dual launch structure

Module used to insert two independent payloads into orbit.

payload adaptor click to hear : payload adaptor

Ensures satellite/launcher interface and is compatible with all satellite platforms.

payload click to hear : payload

Space probe or satellite carried by the launcher.

liquid oxygen tank click to hear : liquid oxygen tank

Serves to burn liquid hydrogen, thereby providing the energy needed for rocket propulsion.

liquid hydrogen tank click to hear : liquid hydrogen tank

Hydrogen, burned on contact with liquid oxygen, serves as engine fuel.