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Map depicting the Earth’s two hemispheres.
The world’s largest ocean (179 million km2), the Pacific covers 30% of the Earth’s surface, more than all of the continents put together.
Extends from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico to the Isthmus of Panama.
Body of water (2.75 million km2) located between Central America and the northern portion of South America.
The world’s second largest ocean (92 million km2); it covers 20% of the Earth’s surface.
The only uninhabited continent (13 million km2), located inside the south polar circle; 98% of its surface is covered with an ice cap. Antarctica holds 90% of the Earth’s freshwater reserves.
Gulf (430,000 km2) located between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula; it connects to the Mediterranean through the Suez Canal.
The world’s largest island (7.7 million km2) is sparsely inhabited in spite of its size; because of its isolation, Australia’s wildlife is unique.
Relatively small ocean (76 million km2) located between Africa, Asia and Australia; it has high water temperatures and is dotted with numerous islands.
The smallest of the oceans (15 million km2), bordered by the northern coasts of Asia, America and Europe; it is largely covered with pack ice.
South China Sea
Southern part of the China Sea bordering the entire southeast coast of Asia as well as Borneo, the Philippines and Taiwan.
Northern part of the Pacific between Kamchatka (in Asia) and Alaska; it is deepest in its southern portion.
The world’s largest lake (370,000 km2), located between Europe and Asia; it has no link to an ocean and is diminishing in size.
Inland sea (420,000 km2) between Eastern Europe and Asia; it opens into the Mediterranean through two straits, the Dardanelles and the Bosporus.
One of the largest inland seas in the world (2.5 million km2); it lies between Europe, Africa and Asia and connects to the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar.
Sea (1.2 million km2) in the North Atlantic; it is bordered by the coast of Greenland.
Relatively shallow sea (570,000 km2) in the North Atlantic and bordered by the coasts of Europe; some major European ports are located along its estuaries.
Vast region inside the north polar circle; it includes the Arctic Ocean and the lands bordering it.
Composed of Europe and Asia, Eurasia represents about 39% of the world’s land; it forms a true continent that geographers have distinguished for historical and ethnographic reasons.
Continent that represents about 20% of the world’s land; two-thirds of its surface lies north of the Equator. Characterized by very hot climates, Mediterranean in the north and south, tropical and arid elsewhere.
The largest and most populous continent, Asia represents 32% of the world’s land; it is dominated by imposing mountain ranges.
Western extremity of the vast Eurasian continent that, by convention, is separated from Asia by the Ural Mountains; it covers a relatively small area.
Continent that represents 6% of the world’s land and features a great many islands in the Pacific and Indian oceans; Australia is its true continent.
Represents 12% of the world’s land; linked to North America by Central America; it includes the Andes in the west and plains and plateaus in east and central regions.
Its area (24 million km2) represents about 16% of the world’s land; the Central American isthmus is an extension of North America.