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North America click to hear : North America

The Appalachians constitute the principal relief on the eastern part of the continent, while in the west, a high mountain chain (the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Madre) follows the coast from Alaska to Mexico.
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Grand Canyon Gulf of California Gulf of Mexico Yucatan Peninsula Central America Isthmus of Panama Caribbean Sea West Indies Mississippi River Appalachian Mountains Saint Lawrence River Newfoundland Island Great Lakes Aleutian Islands Gulf of Alaska Greenland Baffin Island Hudson Bay Mackenzie River Beaufort Sea Bering Strait Rocky Mountains

Grand Canyon click to hear : Grand Canyon

The longest gorge in the world (350 km); the Colorado River flows through it.

Gulf of California click to hear : Gulf of California

Separates the Baja California peninsula from the continent.

Gulf of Mexico click to hear : Gulf of Mexico

Part of the Atlantic located between the U.S., Mexico and Cuba.

Yucatan Peninsula click to hear : Yucatan Peninsula

Vast plateau characterized by aridity in the northwest and abundant precipitation in the south, where a dense forest grows.

Central America click to hear : Central America

Extends from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico to the Isthmus of Panama.

Isthmus of Panama click to hear : Isthmus of Panama

Cut by a canal with locks that is 80 km long. The Panama Canal opened in 1914 allowing maritime traffic to travel between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.

Caribbean Sea click to hear : Caribbean Sea

Body of water (2.75 million km2) located between Central America and the northern portion of South America.

West Indies click to hear : West Indies

Archipelago that includes more than 700 islands, including the Greater Antilles in the north (Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico) and the Lesser Antilles in the east.

Mississippi River click to hear : Mississippi River

The Mississippi (3,780 km) drainage basin covers the entire area between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians.

Appalachian Mountains click to hear : Appalachian Mountains

Old massif extending over 2,000 km from the Canadian border to Alabama; its highest peak is Mount Mitchell (2,037 meters).

Saint Lawrence River click to hear : Saint Lawrence River

River (over 1,100 km) that drains southeastern Canada and empties into the Atlantic Ocean.

Newfoundland Island click to hear : Newfoundland Island

Great Lakes click to hear : Great Lakes

These five lakes constitute the world’s largest reserve of fresh surface water (246,000 km2).

Aleutian Islands click to hear : Aleutian Islands

Archipelago that is an extension of Alaska; it is composed of 150 islands and islets stretching over more than 1,700 km.

Gulf of Alaska click to hear : Gulf of Alaska

Northeast part of the Pacific Ocean, bordering Alaska.

Greenland click to hear : Greenland

Second largest island in the world (over 2 million km2) after Australia.

Baffin Island click to hear : Baffin Island

Island in the Arctic archipelago; the Baffin Sea separates it from Greenland.

Hudson Bay click to hear : Hudson Bay

Vast gulf that opens onto the Atlantic Ocean through the Hudson Strait; the bay is frozen seven months a year.

Mackenzie River click to hear : Mackenzie River

Canada’s longest river (4,241 km).

Beaufort Sea click to hear : Beaufort Sea

Part of the Arctic Ocean between Alaska and the Arctic archipelago.

Bering Strait click to hear : Bering Strait

Some 100 km wide, it connects the Pacific Ocean to the Arctic Ocean.

Rocky Mountains click to hear : Rocky Mountains

Eastern margin of the western cordilleras, extending from Alaska to Mexico.