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At the beginning of the game, each player has 16 pieces with different moves and value: a king, a queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights and eight pawns.
Piece that can move at right angles (square movement); the knight is the only piece that can jump over any other piece.
Piece that can move backward or forward diagonally for as many squares as the player chooses.
The most powerful attack piece; it can move backward or forward in all directions for as many squares as the player chooses.
The most important piece in the game; it can move backward or forward in all directions one square at a time.
Piece that can move backward or forward horizontally or vertically for as many squares as the player chooses.
Piece that can advance one square at a time except at the beginning of the game, when it can advance one or two squares; it captures opposing pieces diagonally.