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First aid material and services

First aid materials and services

First aid kit

It is crucial to have a proper first aid kit at home, in your car, and in your backpack while hiking, and to know where to find one at work. Care should be taken to ensure that it is complete and kept in good condition. This first aid kit contains the materials required to treat most benign problems. It also helps to stabilize a more serious situation while waiting for professional medical assistance. The basic kit, of which the elements are numbered below, may be completed at home with a thermometer and acetaminophen or ibuprofen based analgesics and, for hiking, with sunscreen, insect repellent, and calming lotion for sunburn and insect bites (calamine). Metallic instruments must be disinfected with alcohol before and after use. Materials that are outdated or partially used, or whose packaging has been damaged by humidity, must be thrown out and replaced.

A basic first aid kit includes:

  • Metal scissors with rounded ends

  • Splinter tweezers

  • Disposable gloves and masks to protect against infection

  • Different sized safety pins to fasten a bandage
  • Different sized adhesive bandages, sterile and individually wrapped, to protect a wound
  • Gauze compresses, sterile and individually wrapped, to cover an extended wound or stop bleeding
  • Different sized gauze bandages in rolls, sterile and individually wrapped
  • Thick compress dressings, sterile and individually wrapped, to stop bleeding
  • Elastic cloth bands
  • Triangular bandages, to make a sling or to keep a splint or compress dressing in place
  • Roll of adhesive tape, to secure dressings
  • Swabs soaked in antiseptic, individually wrapped, to clean an injury
  • Antiseptic cleanser

Risk of infection

All wounds are a means of entry for pathogenic agents and present a risk of infection. Superficial wounds must therefore be cleaned gently with soap and water and treated with gloved or clean hands, an antiseptic product and sterile dressing.Signs of wound infection are increase in pain, swelling and redness around the wound, increase in skin heat, and appearance of pus.

Muscles, Virtual Human Body

Emergency numbers

Most countries have easy to remember and dial phone numbers to contact emergency medical assistance. Knowing them, programming them in your phone, or posting them near phones will make it possible to obtain help quickly if a situation arises. In North America, for example, the emergency telephone number for medical assistance is 911.

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