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vertebral column click to hear : vertebral column

The vertebral column is made up of different kinds of articulated bones (vertebrae) supporting the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord.
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See vertebral column in : french | spanish
atlas axis cervical vertebra (7) thoracic vertebra (12) lumbar vertebra (5) sacrum coccyx intervertebral foramen intervertebral disk vertebral body transverse process

atlas click to hear : atlas

First cervical vertebra supporting the head and supported by the axis.

axis click to hear : axis

Second cervical vertebra supporting the atlas; it allows the head to rotate.

cervical vertebra (7) click to hear : cervical vertebra (7)

Bony part of the neck forming the upper terminal part of the vertebral column.

thoracic vertebra (12) click to hear : thoracic vertebra (12)

Bony part supporting the ribs located between the cervical and lumbar vertebrae.

lumbar vertebra (5) click to hear : lumbar vertebra (5)

Bony part larger than the other vertebrae located between the dorsal vertebrae and the sacrum; it supports a major portion of the body’s weight.

sacrum click to hear : sacrum

Bone made up of five fused vertebrae located between the lumbar and coccyx vertebrae.

coccyx click to hear : coccyx

Bone made up of four to six fused vertebrae in the lower terminal part of the vertebral column, and articulating with the sacrum.

intervertebral foramen click to hear : intervertebral foramen

Orifice located between two contiguous vertebrae on each side of the column allowing nerves to pass through.

intervertebral disk click to hear : intervertebral disk

Flat rounded cartilaginous structure separating two vertebrae; its elasticity allows the vertebral column to move.

vertebral body click to hear : vertebral body

Anterior bony cylinder of a vertebra surrounded by two transverse processes.

transverse process click to hear : transverse process

Bony protuberance extending laterally from each side of the vertebra; the muscles are attached to it.