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structure of the spinal cord click to hear : structure of the spinal cord

The spinal cord, protected by several solid and liquid membranes, is the source of 31 pairs of spinal nerves; it connects them to the encephalon.
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See structure of the spinal cord in : french | spanish
sympathetic ganglion pia mater spinal cord spinal nerve meninges dura mater white matter arachnoid anterior horn gray matter posterior horn spinal ganglion sensitive root motor root

sympathetic ganglion click to hear : sympathetic ganglion

Bulge made up of nerve cell bodies forming a chain on both sides of the spinal cord; it mainly controls contraction of the visceral muscles.

pia mater click to hear : pia mater

Thin and highly veined inner meninx directly covering the spinal cord and the roots of the spinal nerves.

spinal cord click to hear : spinal cord

Part of the central nervous system located in the vertebral column; it receives and transmits nerve information and releases the reflexes.

spinal nerve click to hear : spinal nerve

Nerve formed by the union of the sensory and motor roots; it communicates nerve messages between the spinal cord and the various parts of the organism.

meninges click to hear : meninges

Each of three fibrous membranes surrounding and protecting the central nervous system (spinal cord, encephalon).

dura mater click to hear : dura mater

Thick and resistant outer meninx fusing with the tissue covering the spinal nerves; it does not adhere directly to the bony vertebral wall.

white matter click to hear : white matter

Section of the spinal cord made up of nerve fibers (axons) and surrounding the gray matter.

arachnoid click to hear : arachnoid

Meninx located between the dura mater and the pia mater.

anterior horn click to hear : anterior horn

Each of the terminal parts of two masses of gray matter enclosing the cell bodies of motor neurons and from which the motor root originates.

gray matter click to hear : gray matter

Central part of the spinal cord primarily made of the cell bodies of neurons.

posterior horn click to hear : posterior horn

Each of the terminal parts of the two masses of gray matter enclosing the associative neurons through which the sensory root enters the spinal cord.

spinal ganglion click to hear : spinal ganglion

Bulge of the posterior sensory root of the spinal nerve; it encloses the cell bodies of the neuron sensors.

sensitive root click to hear : sensitive root

Bundle of sensory nerve fibers (axons) communicating information from the periphery of the body to the spinal cord.

motor root click to hear : motor root

Bundle of motor nerve fibers (axons) communicating information from the spinal cord to the periphery of the body, especially the muscles.