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respiratory system click to hear : respiratory system

It causes gaseous exchanges to take place in the lungs by ensuring that oxygen is carried to the blood through inspiration, and carbon dioxide is eliminated from the blood through expiration.
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epiglottis pharynx esophagus trachea left lung pulmonary artery upper lobe aorta lower lobe diaphragm heart pericardium lower lobe middle lobe upper lobe right lung vocal cord larynx oral cavity nasal cavity

epiglottis click to hear : epiglottis

Movable cartilaginous plate ensuring that the larynx closes during ingestion of food so that food cannot enter the respiratory tract.

pharynx click to hear : pharynx

Muscular membranous channel connecting the nasal cavity to the larynx and the oral cavity to the esophagus; it enables breathing, ingestion of food and speech.

esophagus click to hear : esophagus

Muscular membranous channel of the anterior section of the digestive tract; it allows food to reach the stomach.

trachea click to hear : trachea

Muscular cartilaginous tract that is a continuation of the larynx; it divides into two main bronchi, each of which ends in a lung, and allows air to pass.

left lung click to hear : left lung

Respiratory organ divided into two lobes where blood from the pulmonary artery is cleansed of carbon dioxide and enriched with oxygen.

pulmonary artery click to hear : pulmonary artery

Artery carrying blood that is poor in oxygen and rich in carbon dioxide to the lungs; it is the only artery that transports oxygen-poor blood.

upper lobe click to hear : upper lobe

Section of the left lung separated from the lower lobe by the oblique fissure.

aorta click to hear : aorta

Main artery of the body that originates in the left ventricle of the heart and is made up of four segments; it distributes oxygenated blood throughout the body.

lower lobe click to hear : lower lobe

Section of the left lung separated from the upper lobe by the oblique fissure.

diaphragm click to hear : diaphragm

Main muscle of inspiration separating the thorax from the abdomen; its contraction increases the size of the thoracic cage and lungs, into which inhaled air is carried.

heart click to hear : heart

Muscular organ divided into four chambers; its regular rhythmic contractions cause blood to circulate throughout the organism.

pericardium click to hear : pericardium

Exterior casing of the heart formed of an inner layer adhering to the myocardium and a thick fibrous outer layer.

lower lobe click to hear : lower lobe

Section of the right lung separated from the middle and upper lobes by an oblique fissure.

middle lobe click to hear : middle lobe

Section of the right lung separated from the upper lobe by a horizontal fissure and from the lower lobe by an oblique fissure.

upper lobe click to hear : upper lobe

Section of the right lung separated from the middle lobe by a horizontal fissure and from the lower lobe by an oblique fissure.

right lung click to hear : right lung

Respiratory organ divided into three lobes in which blood from the pulmonary artery is cleansed of carbon dioxide and enriched with oxygen.

vocal cord click to hear : vocal cord

Muscular fold aiding speech; the vocal cords close and vibrate when air is expelled from the lungs, thereby producing sound.

larynx click to hear : larynx

Muscular cartilaginous duct at the upper terminal part of the trachea; it contains the vocal cords and plays a role in speech and respiration.

oral cavity click to hear : oral cavity

Secondary entry point of the respiratory system (physical effort, partial obstruction of the nose); it also helps the ingestion of food.

nasal cavity click to hear : nasal cavity

Place where air inhaled through the nostrils is filtered and humidified; it also plays an olfactory role.