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non-metals click to hear : non-metals

Nonmetallic elements that are lusterless and nonmalleable; they are mostly gases and solids and are usually poor conductors of heat and electricity.
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astatine iodine bromine phosphorus sulfur chlorine fluorine oxygen nitrogen carbon

astatine click to hear : astatine

Radioactive element that is extremely rare in nature; it is used in medicine to study the thyroid gland and to detect cancerous tumors.

iodine click to hear : iodine

Solid that is used especially in pharmaceuticals (revulsives, antiseptics), in photography and dyes; it is also essential for the human body.

bromine click to hear : bromine

Very toxic liquid that is used mainly to manufacture teargas, dyes and disinfectants and in photography and medications.

phosphorus click to hear : phosphorus

Solid used especially in fertilizer (phosphates), matches and pyrotechnics (fireworks); it is also necessary for human beings.

sulfur click to hear : sulfur

Solid that is quite common in nature; it is used in car batteries, fertilizer, paint, explosives, pharmaceuticals and rubber.

chlorine click to hear : chlorine

Abundant toxic gas that is used to whiten fabric and paper, disinfect water and manufacture various other products (solvents).

fluorine click to hear : fluorine

Gas that is used especially for enriching uranium and manufacturing antistick coatings; it is present in bones and teeth.

oxygen click to hear : oxygen

Gas that is the most abundant element on Earth and that comprises about 20% of the atmospheric air; it is used to breathe and in the manufacture of steel.

nitrogen click to hear : nitrogen

Gas that constitutes about 78% of the Earth’s atmosphere, present in all animal and vegetable tissue (proteins), and in fertilizer, ammonia and explosives.

carbon click to hear : carbon

Element common in its pure state (diamond, graphite) or found in combination (air, coal, petroleum); it is present in animal and plant tissue.