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Phenomenon by which, given favorable conditions, a seed will develop and grow into a plant.
Root cell extensions that ensure the provision of water and mineral salts; they increase the surface area available for absorbing nutrients.
Usually thin and flat part of a vegetable that grows out of the stem and is specially adapted to capturing light and performing photosynthesis.
Bud that grows at the end of the stem, enabling it to grow longer.
First leaf, formed inside the seed; it provides vital food for the seedling, then withers and falls shortly after germination.
Offshoot growing out of the primary root.
Root that emerges as the radicle develops; many secondary offshoots rapidly grow out of it.
First root produced by the seed; it quickly breaks through the seed coat and grows downward into the soil.
Structure formed by the development of a fertile ovule; it contains an embryo and nutrient reserves that enable a new plant to grow.