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playing field for American football click to hear : playing field for American football

Rectangular surface (53.3 x 120 yards) covered with natural or synthetic grass on which a football game is played; a game consists of four 15-minute quarters.
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See playing field for American football in : french | spanish
yard line inbounds line end line end zone goal line fifty-yard line sideline referee side judge umpire head linesman back judge line judge players’ bench

yard line click to hear : yard line

The solid lines at five-yard intervals that mark the distance from the goal line; at the start of a game, the ball is kicked off from the thirty-yard line.

inbounds line click to hear : inbounds line

The broken lines marking off yards; the lines and inbounds lines mark the line of scrimmage when play resumes.

end line click to hear : end line

Line marking the far extremity of the end zone; the white area behind the goal is not part of the playing field.

end zone click to hear : end zone

Zone in which a touchdown (six points) is scored when a player crosses it in possession of the ball.

goal line click to hear : goal line

Line marking the start of the end zone.

fifty-yard line click to hear : fifty-yard line

Line dividing the field into two zones, one for each team; it is 50 yards from the goal lines.

sideline click to hear : sideline

Line demarcating the sides of the playing field; the play is whistled dead when the ball or a player in possession of the ball crosses it.

referee click to hear : referee

Official responsible for applying the rules; this individual ensures that the game is properly played and supervises the work of the other officials.

side judge click to hear : side judge

Official whose main role is to signal when a player crosses the sideline in possession of the ball.

umpire click to hear : umpire

Official in charge of checking player equipment and signaling infractions near the line of scrimmage.

head linesman click to hear : head linesman

Official who signals stoppages in play and indicates exactly where to position the ball after it leaves the field of play.

back judge click to hear : back judge

Official who tracks the number of players on defense, follows the receivers and monitors the time elapsed between plays.

line judge click to hear : line judge

Official whose role includes timekeeping, signaling stoppages in play and officiating during kickoffs and punts.

players’ bench click to hear : players’ bench

Area for substitute players and coaches; a team’s players are divided into three units: offense, defense and special teams.