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Linked to North America by Central America, its main features are the Andes Cordillera in the west and the plains and plateaus of the central and eastern regions.
Gulf of Panama
Bounded in the north by the Isthmus of Panama, its coast is uneven and dotted with islands.
Longest mountain chain in the world (8,000 km) and the second highest, it follows the western coast of South America; its highest peak is Aconcagua (6,960 meters).
Located in the Andes Cordillera between Peru and Bolivia; at an elevation of 3,810 meters, it is the highest navigable lake in the world.
Among the driest deserts on the planet, receiving only a few millimeters of rain per year.
Tierra del Fuego
Archipelago separated from the continent by the Magellan Strait; its cold damp climate results in perpetual snows from as low as 700 meters.
Southernmost point of South America, only 1,000 km from Antarctica; famous for its storms and dangerous reefs and shoals.
Almost 900 km wide, it separates Tierra del Fuego from Antarctica and connects the Atlantic to the Pacific; its currents are very powerful.
Archipelago composed of two main islands separated by the Falkland Strait, as well as some 100 islets.
Plateau in Chile and Argentina; it is divided into Andean Patagonia with a humid climate and abundant vegetation, and the Patagonian plateau, which is dry and sparse.
River (3,000 km) with most of its course in Brazil; it marks the boundary between Brazil and Paraguay, and between Paraguay and Argentina.
Imaginary circle surrounding Earth at its widest circumference, dividing it into two hemispheres: the Northern hemisphere and the Southern hemisphere.
The largest river in the world in volume of flow; it rises in the Andes and flows for 6,570 km through more than 80% of Brazil’s territory.
River in Venezuela (2,150 km) that empties into the Atlantic through a vast delta; the volume of its flow is considerable.