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chronology of religions click to hear : chronology of religions

Religions have usually been signalized by a prophet or an event; they have overlapped and influenced one another throughout the course of history.
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Jesus Christ David Calvinism: John Calvin Talmud Reformation Koran The Great Schism Saint Peter Moses Abraham Shinto Confucianism: Confucius Buddhism: Buddha Hinduism Shiism Sunnism Islam: Muhammad Lutheranism: Martin Luther Anglicanism: Henry VIII Protestantism Orthodox Church: Michel Keroularios Catholicism Judaism: Old Testament Christianity: New Testament

Jesus Christ click to hear : Jesus Christ

Prophet regarded by Christians as the Son of God; he was crucified and resurrected three days later.

David click to hear : David

King of Israel and considered to be the founder of Jerusalem; many of the psalms in the Old Testament are attributed to David.

Calvinism: John Calvin click to hear : Calvinism: John Calvin

Protestant religion based on the theology of John Calvin, who founded Protestantism in France.

Talmud click to hear : Talmud

Compilation of writings on Jewish law by generations of scholars and rabbis.

Reformation click to hear : Reformation

Protest movement initiated by Martin Luther in reaction to the morals and practices of the Catholic Church.

Koran click to hear : Koran

Sacred text of Muslims; it contains the revelations made by Allah to the prophet Muhammad.

The Great Schism click to hear : The Great Schism

Split between the Church of Rome and the Eastern Orthodox Church in Constantinople; it came about because the Greeks refused to recognize the authority of the pope in Rome.

Saint Peter click to hear : Saint Peter

Apostle of Jesus Christ who is considered to have been the first pope of Rome.

Moses click to hear : Moses

God dictated the Ten Commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai.

Abraham click to hear : Abraham

The first biblical patriarch who is regarded as the ancestor of the Jewish people; God made his covenant with Abraham.

Shinto click to hear : Shinto

Polytheistic religion of Japan with divinities such as stars, animals and plants that personify natural forces; Shintoists venerate the emperor.

Confucianism: Confucius click to hear : Confucianism: Confucius

Religion of China named after the philosopher Confucius, whose teachings emphasize the natural order and hierarchy of things and the importance of being in harmony with nature.

Buddhism: Buddha click to hear : Buddhism: Buddha

Asian religion named after a sage from India who taught that the aim of life is to abolish suffering and to achieve enlightenment or nirvana.

Hinduism click to hear : Hinduism

Polytheistic religion of India made up of a complex body of ideas, beliefs and practices.

Shiism click to hear : Shiism

Branch of Islam that resulted from the schism initiated by Muslims who contested the succession of Abu Bakr; they regarded Ali, son-in-law of Muhammad, as the rightful caliph.

Sunnism click to hear : Sunnism

Branch of Islam that observes the Sunna, a body of traditional Muslim law based on the teachings and acts of Muhammad.

Islam: Muhammad click to hear : Islam: Muhammad

Religion of Muslims, who believe in Allah as the sole deity; Islam was founded by the prophet Muhammad and its teachings are collected in the Koran.

Lutheranism: Martin Luther click to hear : Lutheranism: Martin Luther

Protestant religion founded by Martin Luther, a German theologian; in 1517, he wrote 95 theses condemning certain papal practices.

Anglicanism: Henry VIII click to hear : Anglicanism: Henry VIII

Protestant religion of the Church of England; when the pope refused to grant him a divorce, Henry VIII provoked a schism with Rome.

Protestantism click to hear : Protestantism

The Christian churches that grew out of the Reformation; Protestantism posits a personal relationship with Christ requiring no intermediary.

Orthodox Church: Michel Keroularios click to hear : Orthodox Church: Michel Keroularios

The Eastern Christian churches that separated from Rome in 1054; Michel Keroularios, the patriarch of Constantinople, initiated the Great Schism.

Catholicism click to hear : Catholicism

Christian religion that recognizes the authority of the pope in matters of dogma and morality.

Judaism: Old Testament click to hear : Judaism: Old Testament

Religion that holds that the Jews are God’s chosen people; the Old Testament tells the story of the covenant between God and the people of Israel.

Christianity: New Testament click to hear : Christianity: New Testament

Religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as related in the New Testament, which is made up mainly of the Gospels and Epistles.