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long-range jet click to hear : long-range jet

Aircraft that transports passengers and cargo traveling long distances at high altitudes (between 10,000 and 12,000 m).
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first-class cabin weather radar nose landing gear galley window spar wing rib root rib door windshield nose flight deck anticollision light upper deck antenna trailing edge flap spoiler trailing edge aileron passenger cabin wing turbojet engine engine mounting pylon wing slat leading edge navigation light winglet main landing gear freight hold horizontal stabilizer elevator fuselage tail assembly tail rudder fin

first-class cabin click to hear : first-class cabin

Most comfortable part of the cabin where passengers receive special attention; it is always situated at the front of the aircraft.

weather radar click to hear : weather radar

Device that is used by the technical crew to evaluate weather conditions.

nose landing gear click to hear : nose landing gear

Retractable mechanism that enables the aircraft to land; it is located at the front end.

galley click to hear : galley

Compartment where meals for service are prepared.

window click to hear : window

Airtight window that lets natural light into the cabin.

spar click to hear : spar

Metal girder placed in the direction of the wingspan to absorb bending stress.

wing rib click to hear : wing rib

Metal part of the wing’s frame that is perpendicular to the spars.

root rib click to hear : root rib

Metal part that connects the wing to the fuselage.

door click to hear : door

Airtight door for entering the cabin; some doors are used only in emergencies.

windshield click to hear : windshield

Highly durable pane made of glass and plastic that provides good visibility.

nose click to hear : nose

Leading tip of the fuselage.

flight deck click to hear : flight deck

Compartment that contains all the navigation and control equipment; the navigation crew pilot the aircraft from here.

anticollision light click to hear : anticollision light

Bright red light that is visible from all directions to signal the aircraft’s presence.

upper deck click to hear : upper deck

Upper floor on very large aircraft that contains the flight deck and a passenger cabin.

antenna click to hear : antenna

Antenna that receives and transmits radio signals to communicate with the control tower or another aircraft.

trailing edge flap click to hear : trailing edge flap

Articulated flap on the trailing edge of the wing that deploys downward to increase the aircraft’s lift on takeoff.

spoiler click to hear : spoiler

Articulated flap on top of the wing that is deployed immediately after landing; it increases drag and reduces lift to slow the aircraft.

trailing edge click to hear : trailing edge

Back edge of the wing.

aileron click to hear : aileron

Hinged flap on the trailing edge of the wing near the tip for controlling the aircraft’s roll.

passenger cabin click to hear : passenger cabin

Compartment in which most of the passengers travel and receive basic services; it is also called economy class.

wing click to hear : wing

Horizontal surface on which aerodynamic forces are exerted to keep the aircraft in the air.

turbojet engine click to hear : turbojet engine

Jet-propulsion turbine producing hot gases that are expelled at high speed to provide the thrust necessary to propel the aircraft.

engine mounting pylon click to hear : engine mounting pylon

Structure that attaches a turbojet engine to a wing.

wing slat click to hear : wing slat

Articulated flap on the wing’s leading edge; it is deployed on takeoff and landing to increase lift.

leading edge click to hear : leading edge

Front edge of the wing.

winglet click to hear : winglet

Protruding surface at the wingtip that enhances aerodynamics.

main landing gear click to hear : main landing gear

Retractable mechanism that enables the aircraft to land; it is located behind the aircraft’s center of gravity under its wings.

freight hold click to hear : freight hold

Compartment where baggage and cargo are stored.

horizontal stabilizer click to hear : horizontal stabilizer

Wing made up of the fixed horizontal tail assembly; it stabilizes the aircraft horizontally.

elevator click to hear : elevator

Articulated flap that is attached to the trailing edge of the horizontal stabilizer; it is used to change altitude and correct any pitch that may occur.

fuselage click to hear : fuselage

Aircraft body that is divided into several compartments and whose aerodynamic form reduces air friction; it is supported by the wings in flight.

tail assembly click to hear : tail assembly

Moving and fixed surfaces that are located at the tail of the aircraft for steering and stabilizing it.

tail click to hear : tail

Rear part of the fuselage.

rudder click to hear : rudder

Articulated flap at the rear of the fin that steers the aircraft and corrects any yaw that might occur.

fin click to hear : fin

Fixed vertical part of the tail assembly that keeps the aircraft stable.