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refinery products click to hear : refinery products

Refining of crude oil yields hundreds of useful products.
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See refinery products in : french | spanish
paraffins asphalt lubricating oils greases marine diesel bunker oil heating oil diesel oil kerosene gasoline stove oil jet fuel petrochemicals chemical treatment storage tank asphalt still vacuum distillation lubricants plant solvent extraction unit crude oil heavy gasoline kerosene fractionating tower fuel oil long residue tubular heater fractionating tower gasoline cooling petrochemical industry gas catalytic reforming plant

paraffins click to hear : paraffins

Water-insoluble substances that have various uses; these include candle making, packaging and pharmaceutical products.

asphalt click to hear : asphalt

Mixture of bitumen and other substances that is used mainly to pave roads.

lubricating oils click to hear : lubricating oils

Viscous substances that are used mainly to reduce friction between two moving surfaces.

greases click to hear : greases

Pasty substances made of mineral oil and soap; they are used by industry to lubricate mechanical parts.

marine diesel click to hear : marine diesel

Fuel especially designed for ships.

bunker oil click to hear : bunker oil

Fuel used in high-powered heating systems and electric power plants; it is also used to power large diesel engines.

heating oil click to hear : heating oil

Fuel used in home heating systems and industrial installations requiring little energy.

diesel oil click to hear : diesel oil

Fuel used mainly by the transportation industry to power diesel engines.

kerosene click to hear : kerosene

Fuel used for lighting and heating.

gasoline click to hear : gasoline

Motor fuel that is used mainly by the automotive industry to power internal combustion engines.

stove oil click to hear : stove oil

Fuel used mainly in home furnaces.

jet fuel click to hear : jet fuel

Aviation fuel used to power jet engines.

petrochemicals click to hear : petrochemicals

Chemical products derived from petroleum-based products; they are found in fertilizers, detergents, plastics and other products.

chemical treatment click to hear : chemical treatment

Operation that improves the gasoline derived from crude oil by adding chemicals and mixing in kerosene to obtain jet fuel.

storage tank click to hear : storage tank

Large-capacity covered cylinder that is usually made of steel; crude oil is stored in it to maintain a constant rate of refining.

asphalt still click to hear : asphalt still

Plant where bitumen (petroleum’s heaviest fraction) is treated and mixed with other substances to yield asphalt.

vacuum distillation click to hear : vacuum distillation

Treatment that is used to separate out heavy residues at the bottom of the tower at low boiling temperatures.

lubricants plant click to hear : lubricants plant

Plant where base oils are treated (including the extraction of paraffin and the injection of additives) to obtain various lubricants.

solvent extraction unit click to hear : solvent extraction unit

Plant that uses a solvent to remove impurities from base oils yielded by vacuum distillation.

crude oil click to hear : crude oil

Natural mineral oil that is made up of various hydrocarbons; it has been extracted from an oil deposit and not refined at all.

heavy gasoline click to hear : heavy gasoline

By-product of the fractionation of crude oil that is chemically treated to provide motor fuels and specialized fuels.

kerosene click to hear : kerosene

By-product of the fractionation of crude oil that is chemically treated to provide various lighting and heating fuels.

fractionating tower click to hear : fractionating tower

Column used to separate fuel oil into its various fractions by vaporization and condensation to obtain various motor fuels.

fuel oil click to hear : fuel oil

By-product of the fractionation of crude oil; after treatment, motor fuels and specialized heating fuels are derived from it.

long residue click to hear : long residue

Residue made up of heavy nonvaporized fractions; it accumulates at the base of the fractionating tower after the hydrocarbons have been separated.

tubular heater click to hear : tubular heater

Furnace with tubes that heats the crude oil to partially convert it to vapor before it enters the fractionating tower.

fractionating tower click to hear : fractionating tower

Column used to separate crude oil into its various fractions according to their boiling points; the light fractions rise to the top of the column.

gasoline click to hear : gasoline

Light fraction yielded by the first petroleum distillation; it is used mainly as motor fuel.

cooling click to hear : cooling

Operation that cools the vapor at the top of the tower (condensation) in order to separate out hydrocarbons such as butane and propane.

petrochemical industry click to hear : petrochemical industry

Plant that treats petroleum-based raw materials (crude oil and natural gas) to obtain marketable chemical products.

gas click to hear : gas

By-product (butane, propane) of the refining of crude oil; it is used as fuel in the home and as motor fuel.

catalytic reforming plant click to hear : catalytic reforming plant

Treatment plant for gasoline products extracted from crude oil; it alters their molecular structure to increase their octane number.